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The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and the Jim Crow Laws: Including: Plessy V. Ferguson and Literary Non-Fiction for Common Core State Standards Compa

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This is an unaltered version of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. The text is not scrubbed of words we find offensive but were part of the context in which the novel was written. Also, included, for the sake of historical comparison, is a commentary on and examples of the Jim Crow laws, inclusive of an overview of Plessy v. Fergeson, Justice Brown's Opinion and Justice H This is an unaltered version of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. The text is not scrubbed of words we find offensive but were part of the context in which the novel was written. Also, included, for the sake of historical comparison, is a commentary on and examples of the Jim Crow laws, inclusive of an overview of Plessy v. Fergeson, Justice Brown's Opinion and Justice Harlan's Dissent as well as an article from The Journal of Negro History, "Fifty Years of Negro Citizenship" by C. G. Woodson (1921). These texts are designed to help readers understand the time in which Mark Twain wrote this classic novel and serve as a way to connect the tone and symbols of Huck Finn to the world as it existed when the story was penned by Twain. Controversy of Words: Mark Twain once said: ..".the difference between the right word and the almost right word is really a large matter." The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is written in the voice of the boy Huck. It begins where Tom Sawyer leaves off. It is a tale of friendship and the hypocracy of racism. The novel was written in 1885 and is set in pre-Civil War America. The writer did not defend slavery, but depicted the period's bigotry and made the moral center of the novel a white boy's choice to help a slave escape from bondage. The words within the text of the novel are Twain's. It is a dangerous precedence to alter an author's words, especially those written at a given point of time and under a specific set of circumstances. In a conversation with a Civil Rights Leader in the early 1990s I learned never to "scrub" history but to shout it from the rooftops as that is the only way in which we can learn and grow from our mistakes. History happened. Slavery in American happened. Whole races of people were sold into bondage - both white and black men ripped these men, women and children from their homelands and delivered them into a life of misery and servitude. Twain did not make that up and by changing his words, by scrubbing his literature, we miss the opportunity to educate our children, and the society as a whole, on what life was like, how people lived and spoke and then brainstorm creative solutions to prevent similar situation from reoccurring. What I am referring to is the "n" word controversy and the word's appearance, along with the word Injun, within one of the most overtly anti-racist books written. For the record, these words should cause controversy, because they are offensive and should not be spoken. The "n" word should cause discomfort in 21st century readers and should stimulate conversation and spark discussion. If it does not - that is when we are in trouble and that is why we can't allow history to be altered to the norms of today's political correctness. We cannot become passive to the wrongdoings of our ancestors - we must learn from them and grow as one culture moving forward forging common experiences out of our collective...and different...past experiences. So, I challenge you to teach this book in the context of eradicating racism. I challenge you to understand Twain's anti-Reconstruction world and the rise of the Jim Crow laws and the influence of Plessy v. Ferguson and help to do your part to ensure all understand the challenges we face and the reality of forever moving forward in our quest for equality.


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This is an unaltered version of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. The text is not scrubbed of words we find offensive but were part of the context in which the novel was written. Also, included, for the sake of historical comparison, is a commentary on and examples of the Jim Crow laws, inclusive of an overview of Plessy v. Fergeson, Justice Brown's Opinion and Justice H This is an unaltered version of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. The text is not scrubbed of words we find offensive but were part of the context in which the novel was written. Also, included, for the sake of historical comparison, is a commentary on and examples of the Jim Crow laws, inclusive of an overview of Plessy v. Fergeson, Justice Brown's Opinion and Justice Harlan's Dissent as well as an article from The Journal of Negro History, "Fifty Years of Negro Citizenship" by C. G. Woodson (1921). These texts are designed to help readers understand the time in which Mark Twain wrote this classic novel and serve as a way to connect the tone and symbols of Huck Finn to the world as it existed when the story was penned by Twain. Controversy of Words: Mark Twain once said: ..".the difference between the right word and the almost right word is really a large matter." The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is written in the voice of the boy Huck. It begins where Tom Sawyer leaves off. It is a tale of friendship and the hypocracy of racism. The novel was written in 1885 and is set in pre-Civil War America. The writer did not defend slavery, but depicted the period's bigotry and made the moral center of the novel a white boy's choice to help a slave escape from bondage. The words within the text of the novel are Twain's. It is a dangerous precedence to alter an author's words, especially those written at a given point of time and under a specific set of circumstances. In a conversation with a Civil Rights Leader in the early 1990s I learned never to "scrub" history but to shout it from the rooftops as that is the only way in which we can learn and grow from our mistakes. History happened. Slavery in American happened. Whole races of people were sold into bondage - both white and black men ripped these men, women and children from their homelands and delivered them into a life of misery and servitude. Twain did not make that up and by changing his words, by scrubbing his literature, we miss the opportunity to educate our children, and the society as a whole, on what life was like, how people lived and spoke and then brainstorm creative solutions to prevent similar situation from reoccurring. What I am referring to is the "n" word controversy and the word's appearance, along with the word Injun, within one of the most overtly anti-racist books written. For the record, these words should cause controversy, because they are offensive and should not be spoken. The "n" word should cause discomfort in 21st century readers and should stimulate conversation and spark discussion. If it does not - that is when we are in trouble and that is why we can't allow history to be altered to the norms of today's political correctness. We cannot become passive to the wrongdoings of our ancestors - we must learn from them and grow as one culture moving forward forging common experiences out of our collective...and different...past experiences. So, I challenge you to teach this book in the context of eradicating racism. I challenge you to understand Twain's anti-Reconstruction world and the rise of the Jim Crow laws and the influence of Plessy v. Ferguson and help to do your part to ensure all understand the challenges we face and the reality of forever moving forward in our quest for equality.

30 review for The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and the Jim Crow Laws: Including: Plessy V. Ferguson and Literary Non-Fiction for Common Core State Standards Compa

  1. 4 out of 5

    Sandra

    Este é um romance cheio de camadas e de leituras, e, por isso, é considerado uma obra-prima. Para além das polémicas com o racismo, a misoginia, que são sinais do tempo em que o livro foi escrito (e também elas alvo da ironia consciente de Twain), o que maravilha neste livro é a consciência de dignidade e liberdade de Huck, para si próprio e para Jim, mesmo que contra as expectativas da sociedade. Huck é para mim o homem livre cujas acções, sejam ou não aceites pela sociedade, têm como objectivo Este é um romance cheio de camadas e de leituras, e, por isso, é considerado uma obra-prima. Para além das polémicas com o racismo, a misoginia, que são sinais do tempo em que o livro foi escrito (e também elas alvo da ironia consciente de Twain), o que maravilha neste livro é a consciência de dignidade e liberdade de Huck, para si próprio e para Jim, mesmo que contra as expectativas da sociedade. Huck é para mim o homem livre cujas acções, sejam ou não aceites pela sociedade, têm como objectivo a sua sobrevivência como ser humano digno. Jim faz-me lembrar Job, que com a sua paciência e amor aguenta todas as adversidades e é finalmente recompensado com a liberdade. Mas é através de Jim que Huck aprende a custo o que é a amizade e a reconhecer no outro, mesmo que diferente, um seu igual. Já Tom Sawyer é um Dom Quixote americano, que quer traduzir o idealismo dos livros em acções práticas. Um advertência para os que amam mais os livros do que as pessoas ou a realidade. Os leitores de então riram-se das partidas, das artimanhas e invejaram a liberdade de Huck. Talvez, por via dele, tenham modificado um pouco a sua ideia acerca dos seus semelhantes negros. Este é um livro escrito num determinado tempo, mas os leitores de hoje continuam a amá-lo, pelo menos eu comecei agora.

  2. 5 out of 5

    Paula

    My shelving relates to this edition Adventures of Huckleberry Finn: Robotic Edition Not the traditional version which I intend to read

  3. 5 out of 5

    wendela

    Een klassieker, dat het beeld van de samenleving vertelt zoals schrijver Mark Twain het zag twintig jaar na de Amerikaanse Burgeroorlog. Het is een avonturenroman dat zich afspeelt in het zuiden van Amerika, waar bijgeloof, religie en ruwheid de samenleving beheersen. En slavernij. Het hoofdpersonage is de jonge Huckleberry Finn (‘Huck’) een vriend van de jonge Tom Sawyer, waar Twain eerder een boek over schreef. We beleven door de ogen van Huck de samenleving en zijn gewetensstrijd als hij op e Een klassieker, dat het beeld van de samenleving vertelt zoals schrijver Mark Twain het zag twintig jaar na de Amerikaanse Burgeroorlog. Het is een avonturenroman dat zich afspeelt in het zuiden van Amerika, waar bijgeloof, religie en ruwheid de samenleving beheersen. En slavernij. Het hoofdpersonage is de jonge Huckleberry Finn (‘Huck’) een vriend van de jonge Tom Sawyer, waar Twain eerder een boek over schreef. We beleven door de ogen van Huck de samenleving en zijn gewetensstrijd als hij op een vlot over de Mississippi vaart met een gevluchte slaaf, Jim, op weg naar het slavenloze noorden van Amerika. De rivier staat symbool voor de serene en het vrije waar Huck een eigen maatschappij heeft gecreëerd met Jim, het vasteland staat voor strikte culturele regels waar zowel Huck als Jim aan proberen te ontsnappen. Huck omdat hij geen beperkingen en wetten opgelegd wil hebben, ook niet wat betreft ras en slavernij. Jim heeft een meer basale reden: hij vlucht letterlijk voor zijn leven. Beiden zoeken vrijheid, het thema van het boek. Door de gesprekken met Jim ontstaat een vriendschap tussen de praktische kwajongen en de bijgelovige Jim. Huck bewondert Jim en verkeert in een dilemma: zijn gevoelens komen uit hemzelf, maar de samenleving hanteert andere codes. Zal Huck Jim aangeven of niet? Huck plaatst onbewust Jims veiligheid boven zijn eigen, waardoor hun streven naar vrijheid één wordt. Het ene dilemma volgt op het andere, zo stelt Jim dat hij zijn kinderen desnoods zal stelen om ze uit de slavernij te houden, iets waardoor Huck weer gaat nadenken of hij Jim aan zal geven bij de autoriteiten. Hij doet het niet en Hucks innerlijke strijd tussen een slaaf helpen (strafbaar) en het verontschuldigen aan een slaaf, iets wat een blanke in die tijd niet deed, laat zien dat Huck telkens een stap verder komt in de ontwikkeling en aanscherping van zijn eigen waarden en normen. De avonturenroman wikkelt verder af door de introductie van twee oplichters. Zij varen mee op het vlot en Huck beseft dat dit een veiligheidsrisico met zich meebrengt, met name wat betreft de vrijheid van Jim. Het beschrijven van de werkwijze van de oplichters laat een beeld zien van de goedgelovige samenleving van toen, één die geen rechtvaardigheid, maar amusement en hebzucht als leidraad heeft. De oplichters verkopen Jim en verraden daarmee Huck. Een climax in de gewetensstrijd van Huck is bereikt en hij besluit ‘voor de hel’ te gaan, zichzelf buiten de samenleving te zetten en Jim terug te stelen. Na dit besluit neemt de schelmenroman het weer over door de komst van Tom Sawyer. De romantische, avontuurlijke Tom werkt weer samen met de praktische, eerlijke Huckleberry Finn. Een botsing tussen verbeeldingskracht en realisme blijft niet uit, wat blijkt uit het feit dat Jim door testament van zijn voormalige bazin een vrij man is, iets wat Tom weet maar dat hij niet deelt omdat hij avonturen wil beleven en een heldenrol wil. Hij voelt geen mededogen voor de slavernij, in tegenstelling tot Huck. Het boek verhaalt over de zoektocht naar het eigen geweten en de eigen identiteit in een samenleving die aan elkaar hangt van religieuze en culturele codes. Het is humorvol en in een duidelijk sociaalhistorisch kader geplaatst, wat niet wegneemt dat het een sociaal commentaar is, vervat in spanning en avontuur, waarbij het sociaal commentaar tot op heden actueel is. Mark Twain is een fantastisch schrijver die zich beeldend in mensen verplaatst. Daarnaast komt in elk hoofdstuk wel een aantal woorden langs die in de zuidelijke slang van die tijd zijn geschreven (NB: in 2012 is een editie gedrukt met weglating van beledigende slang). Dit boek vind ik geschikt voor lezers vanaf 10 jaar, een leeftijd dat interesse in de moraal van het verhaal opkomt. Het is een aanrader voor hen die geïnteresseerd zijn in avonturen met een emotieve en creatieve functie, waar de heersende vroegere moraal op een leeftijdsadequate manier wordt uitgelegd. ‘Huck Finn’ kan worden ingezet bij thema’s als vriendschap, en bovenal om aan te tonen dat er verschil kan bestaan tussen maatschappelijke waarden en normen en die van het individu. Een prachtige klassieker op het snijvlak van leesniveau 3, reflecterend lezen en niveau 4, analyserend, verdiepend lezen.

  4. 4 out of 5

    Joseph

    This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is a classic in American literature not only because of its unique use of southern dialects and wordplay but because of how it takes a countercultural view (at the time) towards slavery and racism and upholds it. Huck's development throughout the book from his relationship with his Dad and to Jim is where the novel reaches its highest peak, as Huck begins to understand Jim in a new way and separate himself from the sins of his father and society as a whole. Bec The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is a classic in American literature not only because of its unique use of southern dialects and wordplay but because of how it takes a countercultural view (at the time) towards slavery and racism and upholds it. Huck's development throughout the book from his relationship with his Dad and to Jim is where the novel reaches its highest peak, as Huck begins to understand Jim in a new way and separate himself from the sins of his father and society as a whole. Because of this, the novel's midpoint of Huck and Jim traveling on the raft reflects, in my opinion, the ideal of American society. That we can overcome something so heinous as racism even if it is pervasive in society. However, the ending of the book I believe reflects the truth of American society. That even if we can acknowledge the sin of slavery and racism, the view is so common in society that it is impossible to truly make a change by yourself. Though this may be a very pessimistic and not very enjoyable to read ending, the sad truth of it does reflect American society, as things like Jim Crow and sharecropping existed even after amendments banning slavery were instituted into the Constitution.

  5. 5 out of 5

    Ellie Tichy

    I liked the story of Huckleberry Finn simply because it is a classic. The story, although outdated is simple, wholesome, and easy to relate to modern times. Huck must face adversity and turmoil in a time in his life where things are already uncertain; and this is relocatable to many. In the end Huck always does what he thinks is best and he follows his heart.

  6. 4 out of 5

    Liam Connors

    Great read.

  7. 4 out of 5

    arthi

    My favorite book as a child, chock full of fun, humor, and adventure, it is truly a masterpiece of American literature.

  8. 5 out of 5

    nand ini

    One of the greatest novels ever written about life and society in the 19th century.

  9. 5 out of 5

    Shelby

    Absolutely to die for! Never wanted it to end!

  10. 5 out of 5

    Hansel Corral

  11. 5 out of 5

    Batool Amna Ayan

  12. 5 out of 5

    Zeynep

  13. 5 out of 5

    Ashley

  14. 4 out of 5

    Zaidoon Jasim Rmaidh

  15. 4 out of 5

    rishab srikanth

  16. 4 out of 5

    Robert Corley

  17. 5 out of 5

    Shweta Kher

  18. 4 out of 5

    González Martínez

  19. 5 out of 5

    Muhammad anwar nadeem

  20. 5 out of 5

    Jenny Page

  21. 5 out of 5

    Anamika

  22. 5 out of 5

    David Milberg

  23. 5 out of 5

    Tom Winkelmsn

  24. 4 out of 5

    cheryl anderson

  25. 5 out of 5

    Elthon

  26. 4 out of 5

    Ionut

  27. 4 out of 5

    chrystal

  28. 5 out of 5

    Neil Oliver

  29. 5 out of 5

    Cécile

  30. 5 out of 5

    VishnuLangawat

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